1. A Free of Charge School (junior and senior high school)
The privatization of education in Indonesia is marked with the reduction of the government’s responsibility for subsidizing education services to the community. Pursuant to Law of National Education System No. 20/2003, the community is demanded to be responsible for providing their own education services. Consequently, only the members of community of medium-upper class that can be able to access to education, while the poor children drop out of school. The result is 10 million (5%) of Indonesian people are illiterate, even in the world, Indonesia ranks 6 in total children drop out of school. In this respect, RMD, on July 19, 1999 held a free of charge school which is intended to provide free of charge education for socially disadvantaged children. RMD has more than 100 students now.
2. Vocational Training
As the labor market becomes more specialized and economies demand higher levels of skills, RMD Foundation thinks that vocational training, such as motorcycle repair, computer, accounting, and other trainings, is very important to be provided. Vocational training prepares trainees for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities and totally related to a specific occupation or vocation. To run this vocational training program, RMD works together with other training institutions.
3. Income generating program
We call it as Bank for the poor. RMD provides access to small loan to the poor people. At the moment more than 100 poor people have already been provided small loans by RMD Microfinance. It is an effective poverty reduction strategy and often is considered one of flexible strategy in the fight against global poverty. It is suitable and sustainable to respond to the urgent needs of those living on less than US$2 a day.
RMD seeks to provide more than just housing to orphans and street kids. It seeks to make them independent and responsible. In our orphanage we have over 50 children ranging from 1 to 18 year old. Most of them are orphans, ex-street kids, and abandoned children Since moving to their new home these children have undergone an amazing transformation. Prior to coming to the orphanage all of them had grown up malnourished. Today, however, in their new home our children are embracing a life they have never known – a healthy diet, an education, being nurtured and cared for and having the freedom to simply be children.
5. A free of charge tutorial program
The Government of Indonesia has been running a compulsory eduction program at elementary (SD) and Junior High School (SMP) level, so there is no charge.Moreover, starting this year (2013) the Government of Jakarta Province will also run free of charge school at Senior High School (SMA/SMK) level. The free of charge school program seems to be the perfect solution to help poor children, but in fact this program does not benefit them. Free school program is mostly enjoyed by students coming from middle-upper class.
It is because just the state-owned school run the free of charge schools program while the private schools don't. The reason why only the state schools run this program since all of the operational costs of state schools funded by the government. In contrast, private schools have to fund by themselves. They earn money from students. The student of private schools have to pay monthly tuitions fee and many other expenses.
As we know, most of state school students at SMP and SMA level come from middle-upper class. Most of the poor children can't enter the state school at SMP & SMA level as they dont pass the entrance test. Therefore, they go to private schools (some universities and some NGOs have already researhed on this topic).
The reason why children from middle-upper class are able to do the entrance test, since they are well-prepared. To prepare for exams, they take the private tutorial program (course run by private institutions, called 'Bimbel') in which they have to pay very expensive. The average cost ranges between 5 to 20 million per year. The course focuses on national exam subjects, such us math, science, English, and Indonesian language.
To overcome this problem, Remaja Masa Depan Foundation launches a new program called 'Bimbel Gratis untuk anak miskin' (a free of charge tutorial program for poor children). Hopefuly, by joining this program, poor children are able to go to state-owned school, not only going to junior/senior high school, but also going to state university.
6. Scholarship for Junior & Senior High School Students
Currently the program of Scholarship serves 60 elementry and junior high school students from poor families in Jakarta and Bogor. Elementary student recipient gets Rp.50.000,- per month and junior high school recipient gets Rp.60.000,- per month. This program plays important role in providing education services to the children from poor families, especially those who are orphans. The students from poor students must keep studying and obtaning achievements. There is no more barrier to pursue higher education in the future.
7. Undergraduate Scholarship
This program provides an opportunity for the children who live in Remaja Masa Depan Orphanage to achieve a bachelor’s degree. Scholarships is granted for a maximum of 10 semesters in which a recipients will be awarded a monthly stipend of approximately $ 200 USD This program is so expensive that only the vivid children with potential are selected. Undergraduate Scholarship plays important role in providing higher education services to the children from poor families, especially those who are orphans.
As we know If the children graduate from senior high school and work by using their high school diploma, they will earn a small salary (in Jakarta-Indonesia we call it regional minimum wage/UMR). How do people or a family survive on such a small salary? It is possible that the low salary will keep people poor. Conversely, if they graduate from university, they will earn high income. At the moment, one of our children has already graduated from university and works for a privat company.
A Matrix of Program
|No.||Program ||Beneficiaries & Location ||Indicator||Method ||Expected Result ||Measuring |
|1.||Free of charge school (Junior and Senior High School) ||100 orphans, child labors, street kids, dropouts, and abandoned children (Located in Tebet-Jakarta and Bogor-West Java) ||Running of Free of charge school (junior and senior high school)||Classical Class||More than 90% of the students pass national exams||National exams held by government|
|2.||Vocational Training||100 orphans, child labors, street kids, dropouts, and abandoned children (Located in Tebet-Jakarta and Bogor-West Java)||Providing vocational trainings such as;computer, driving, accounting, workshop, etc||40% theory and 60% practice||Most of graduates work||90% of the trainee pass practice test and majority of them work|
|3.||Income generating program||100 families/parents of orphans, child labors, street kids, dropouts, and Abandoned children (Located in Tebet-Jakarta and Bogor-West Java)||Providing credit access to the poor||Field guidance||Improvement on their families’ income||Profile interpretation|
|4.||Orphanage||70 orphans, child labors, and street kids (Located in Tebet-Jakarta and Bogor, West Java)||Providing two orphanages with a family atmosphere home||Character building||Behavior and attitude are more positive||Profile interpretation|
|5.||Tutorial Program||Poor children (Tebet Jakrta)||Running a free of tutorial program||Classical Class||90% of students Passing national exams & accepted in state school|
|6. ||Scholarship for junior & senior high school students |
|Orphans Bogor||Giving montly money to cover all school fees||90% of students Passing national exams & accepted in state school||National Exams|
|7.||Undergraduate scholarship||Our fades and poor children||Giving montly money to cover all search university ||All working in big company ||Earning a degree |